The United States. army, Navy Y Marine bodies could do a better job monitoring access to its facilities as a way to prevent mass shootings like the one that devastated Fort hood, Texas, according to a new report from the Government Accountability Office.
In November 2009, the then army major Nidal Hasan shot and killed 13 people and wounded 42 others in Fort Hood before being arrested.
In 2013, Navy contractor Aaron Alexis shot 16 people, killing 12 in a mass shooting at the Navy Yard in Washington, D.C.
All branches of the U.S. Army UU. They rely on physical access control systems (PACS) to evaluate people who wish to enter the facilities, verifying their identities with the FBI and other government databases.
But the GAO discovered that the Pentagon "did not know to what extent its facilities used these systems because the Army, Navy and Marine Corps have not monitored their use," the report said.
"The Air Force Y [Defense Logistics Agency] they oversee the use of PACS in their facilities, and the Army, Navy and Marine Corps do not, "the report said.
The GAO made numerous visits to domestic facilities to observe the use of access system components as part of the effort and discovered that Air Force and DLA officials routinely collect data on their use and the number of credentials scanned at its facilities, according to the report.
Air Force officials use the data to inform installation commanders about the risks associated with the non-use of the Biometric Defense Identification Systems (DBIDS) in their bases, the report said.
DBIDS is used by the Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps and DLA to control access to their respective facilities. The system uses hardware and software to electronically connect databases using the identity matching engine of the Department of Defense for security and analysis to determine an individual's ability to access, according to the GAO.
The Defense Manpower Data Center has collected data on the technical problems of the biometric identification system, from frozen computer screens to defective equipment that needs replacement, but has not been able to assess its performance due to the lack of performance measures and associated objectives , found the GAO.
The Army uses the Automated Installation Entrance (AIE) to control access to its facilities. The system uses hardware and software to connect to authorized government databases using the DoD identity matching engine.
Army, Navy and Marine Corps officials said they do not monitor the use of the physical access control system at their facilities because the Department of Defense does not require it, according to the report.
"DoD officials emphasized the importance of installation commanders having discretion to make risk-based decisions regarding access control in general, and when deciding when or when not to use PACS," the report said. "But nevertheless, [Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence], Army, Navy and Marine Corps officials agreed that monitoring the use of PACS at the facility would be beneficial and could be easily achieved without significant cost using existing technology. "
The lack of the Pentagon requirement to monitor the use of access control systems means that the Army, Navy and Marine Corps "do not know to what extent PACS is being used in more than 100 facilities," according to the GAO. "Consequently, military services do not have the data they need to assess the effectiveness of PACS and inform risk-based decisions to safeguard personnel and installation assets of mission critical and high value."
As a result of its findings, the GAO made the following five recommendations to the Pentagon:
1. The Department of Defense must ensure that the Undersecretary of Intelligence Defense requires that all military components and departments supervise the use of PACS in its facilities.
2. The Department of Defense must ensure that the Army directs that the Office of the Provost Marshal General oversee the use of PACS at the Army premises.
3. The secretary of the Navy must ensure that the commander of the Navy Facilities Command oversees the use of PACS in the Navy facilities.
4. The secretary of the Navy, in coordination with the Marine Corps commander, must ensure that the commander of the Marine Corps Facilities Command oversees the use of PACS at the Marine Corps facilities.
5. The secretary of defense must ensure that the Undersecretary of Defense for Personnel and Preparation develops appropriate performance measures and associated goals for the timely resolution of DBIDS technical problems to facilitate better PACS performance.
The GAO provided a draft of the report to the Pentagon for review, according to the report.
"In its written comments … the Department of Defense agreed with our five recommendations and identified the actions it was taking or planned to take to implement our recommendations," the report said.
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